Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science
Minnesota
This guide shows how KnowAtom’s K-8 integrated model of NGSS-designed curriculum is aligned with Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science.

Phenomena Based Lessons Aligned to Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science

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Science Lesson State Standards State ID Grades Performance Expectation
Sucrose and Heart Rate MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 07L.4.1.1.1 [{id=111674358588, createdAt=1681899846200, updatedAt=1681899848547, 1='{type=string, value=8}'}] 8

Support or refute an explanation by arguing from evidence for how the body is a system of interacting subsystems composed of groups of cells. 

Windy Weather MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0E.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Ask questions to obtain information from weather forecasts to prepare for and respond to severe weather.

The Water Cycle MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0E.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Ask questions to obtain information from weather forecasts to prepare for and respond to severe weather.

Heat and Water MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0E.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Ask questions to obtain information from weather forecasts to prepare for and respond to severe weather.

Extreme Weather MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0E.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Ask questions to obtain information from weather forecasts to prepare for and respond to severe weather.

Earth and Human Activity MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0E.1.1.1.2 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Ask questions about how a person may reduce the amount of natural resources the individual uses.

Weather Patterns MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0E.2.1.1.2 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Make daily and seasonal observations of local weather conditions to describe patterns over time.

Weather and Seasons MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0E.2.1.1.2 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Make daily and seasonal observations of local weather conditions to describe patterns over time.

Living Things in Their Habitat MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0L.1.2.1.2 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Make observations of plants and animals to compare the diversity of life in different habitats.

Animal Habitats MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0L.1.2.1.2 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Make observations of plants and animals to compare the diversity of life in different habitats.

Characteristics of Living Things MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0L.1.2.1.2 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Make observations of plants and animals to compare the diversity of life in different habitats.

Parts of Plants MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0L.2.1.1.3 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Record and use observations to describe patterns of what plants and animals (including humans) need to survive.

Growing Plants MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0L.2.1.1.3 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Record and use observations to describe patterns of what plants and animals (including humans) need to survive.

Living, Nonliving, and Once-Living MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0L.2.1.1.3 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Record and use observations to describe patterns of what plants and animals (including humans) need to survive.

Earth and Human Activity MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0L.2.1.1.3 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Record and use observations to describe patterns of what plants and animals (including humans) need to survive.

Germinating Seeds MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0L.2.1.1.3 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Record and use observations to describe patterns of what plants and animals (including humans) need to survive.

Human Shelter MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0L.2.1.1.3 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Record and use observations to describe patterns of what plants and animals (including humans) need to survive.

Characteristics of Living Things MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0L.2.1.1.3 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Record and use observations to describe patterns of what plants and animals (including humans) need to survive.

Living Things in Their Habitat MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0L.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Develop a simple model to represent the relationship between the needs of different plants and animals (including humans) and the places they live. 

Animal Habitats MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0L.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Develop a simple model to represent the relationship between the needs of different plants and animals (including humans) and the places they live. 

Germinating Seeds MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0L.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Develop a simple model to represent the relationship between the needs of different plants and animals (including humans) and the places they live. 

Parts of Plants MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0L.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Develop a simple model to represent the relationship between the needs of different plants and animals (including humans) and the places they live. 

Growing Plants MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0L.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Develop a simple model to represent the relationship between the needs of different plants and animals (including humans) and the places they live. 

Sunlight and Temperature MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0P.1.2.1.1 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Collect and organize observational data to determine the effect of sunlight on Earth’s surface. 

Sun and Shade MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0P.1.2.1.1 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Collect and organize observational data to determine the effect of sunlight on Earth’s surface. 

Color and Temperature MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0P.1.2.1.1 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Collect and organize observational data to determine the effect of sunlight on Earth’s surface. 

Sunlight and Engineering MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0P.1.2.1.1 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Collect and organize observational data to determine the effect of sunlight on Earth’s surface.

Who Scientists Are MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0P.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Sort objects in terms of natural/human-made, color, size, shape, and texture, then communicate the reasoning for the sorting system. 

Pushes and Pulls MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0P.2.2.1.1 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K Identify and describe patterns that emerge from the effects of different strengths or different directions of pushes and pulls on the motion of an object.
Forces and Motion MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0P.2.2.1.1 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K Identify and describe patterns that emerge from the effects of different strengths or different directions of pushes and pulls on the motion of an object.
Sunlight and Engineering MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0P.3.2.2.1 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Design and build a structure to reduce the warming effect of sunlight on Earth’s surface.

Engineering Marble Movers MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0P.4.1.1.1 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Construct an argument supported by evidence for whether a design solution works as intended to change the speed or direction of an object with a push or a pull.

Sunlight and Engineering MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 0P.4.2.2.1 [{id=111674358579, createdAt=1681899815574, updatedAt=1681899818274, 1='{type=string, value=K}'}] K

Communicate design ideas for a structure that reduces the warming effect of sunlight on Earth’s surface.

Earth Events MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1E.2.2.1.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Use quantitative data to identify and describe patterns in the amount of time it takes for Earth processes to occur and determine whether they occur quickly or slowly. 

Ant Behavior and Food MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1E.4.1.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Construct an argument based on observational evidence for how plants and animals (including humans) can change the non-living aspects of the environment to meet their needs.

Engineering Dams MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1E.4.1.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Construct an argument based on observational evidence for how plants and animals (including humans) can change the non-living aspects of the environment to meet their needs.

Living and Nonliving Things MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1E.4.1.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Construct an argument based on observational evidence for how plants and animals (including humans)  can change the non-living aspects of the environment to meet their needs.

Controlling Erosion MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1E.4.1.2.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Construct an argument with evidence to evaluate multiple solutions designed to slow or prevent wind or water from changing the shape of the land.

Hydroelectric Dams and the Environment MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1E.4.2.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Communicate solutions that will reduce the impact of humans on the land, water, air, and/or other living things in the local environment.

Changing Earth's Surface MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1E.4.2.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Communicate solutions that will reduce the impact of humans on the land, water, air, and/or other living things in the local environment.

Engineering Dams MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1E.4.2.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Communicate solutions that will reduce the impact of humans on the land, water, air, and/or other living things in the local environment.

Parent and Offspring Behaviors MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1L.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Ask questions based on observations about the similarities and differences between young plants and animals and their parents. 

Plant Structures MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1L.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Ask questions based on observations about the similarities and differences between young plants and animals and their parents. 

Butterfly Structure and Function MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1L.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Develop a simple model based on evidence to represent how plants or animals use their external parts to help them survive, grow, and meet their needs. 

Living and Nonliving Things MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1L.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Develop a simple model based on evidence to represent how plants or animals use their external parts to help them survive, grow, and meet their needs. 

Parent and Offspring Behaviors MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1L.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Develop a simple model based on evidence to represent how plants or animals use their external parts to help them survive, grow, and meet their needs. 

Engineering Litter Collectors MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1L.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Develop a simple model based on evidence to represent how plants or animals use their external parts to help them survive, grow, and meet their needs. 

Bird Beak Structure and Function MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1L.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Develop a simple model based on evidence to represent how plants or animals use their external parts to help them survive, grow, and meet their needs. 

Ant Behavior and Food MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1L.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Develop a simple model based on evidence to represent how plants or animals use their external parts to help them survive, grow, and meet their needs. 

Insect Anatomy - Structure and Function MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1L.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Develop a simple model based on evidence to represent how plants or animals use their external parts to
help them survive, grow, and meet their needs. 

Plant Structures MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1L.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Develop a simple model based on evidence to represent how plants or animals use their external parts to help them survive, grow, and meet their needs. 

Insect Anatomy - Structure and Function MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1L.3.2.2.2 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Plan and design a solution to a human problem by mimicking how plants and/or animals use their external parts to help them survive, grow, and meet their needs.

Engineering Litter Collectors MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1L.3.2.2.2 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Plan and design a solution to a human problem by mimicking how plants and/or animals use their external parts to help them survive, grow, and meet their needs.

Engineering Dams MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1L.3.2.2.2 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Plan and design a solution to a human problem by mimicking how plants and/or animals use their external parts to help them survive, grow, and meet their needs.

Parent and Offspring Behaviors MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1L.4.2.1.2 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Obtain information using various features of texts and other media to determine patterns in the behavior of parents and offspring that help offspring survive. 

Making Sounds and Instruments MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1P.1.2.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Plan and conduct investigations to provide evidence that vibrating materials can make sound and that sound can make materials vibrate. 

Sounds and Senses MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1P.1.2.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1 Plan and conduct investigations to provide evidence that vibrating materials can make sound and that sound can make materials vibrate. 
Making Sounds and Instruments MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1P.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Identify and describe patterns obtained from testing different materials and determine which materials have the properties that are best suited for producing and/or transmitting sound.

Light MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1P.3.2.2.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Design and build a device that uses light or sound to solve the problem of communicating over a distance.

Materials and Light MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1P.3.2.2.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Design and build a device that uses light or sound to solve the problem of communicating over a distance.

Engineering Communication Devices MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1P.3.2.2.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1 Design and build a device that uses light or sound to solve the problem of communicating over a distance.
Engineering Dams MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 1P.4.2.2.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Communicate solutions that use materials to provide shelter, food, or warmth needs for communities including Minnesota American Indian tribes and communities.

Sun Position and Shadow Patterns MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2E.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Represent data to describe typical weather conditions expected during a particular season. 

Seasonal Temperatures and Water Cycles MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2E.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Represent data to describe typical weather conditions expected during a particular season. 

Seasonal Patterns MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2E.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Represent data to describe typical weather conditions expected during a particular season. 

Environmental Change MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2E.2.1.1.2 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Analyze data from tests of objects designed to reduce the impacts of a weather-related hazards and compare the strengths and weaknesses of how each performs.

Water Flow MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2E.2.1.1.2 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Analyze data from tests of objects designed to reduce the impacts of a weather-related hazards and compare the strengths and weaknesses of how each performs.

Mapping Land and Water MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2E.4.2.1.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Obtain and use information from multiple sources to identify where water is found on Earth. 

Water Flow MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2E.4.2.1.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Obtain and use information from multiple sources to identify where water is found on Earth. 

Weather and Climate MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2E.4.2.1.2 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Obtain and use information from multiple sources, including electronic sources, to describe climates in different regions of the world.

Engineering Hand Pollinators MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2L.3.2.2.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Engineer a device that mimics the structures and functions of plants or animals in seed dispersal.

Flowers MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2L.3.2.2.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Engineer a device that mimics the structures and functions of plants or animals in seed dispersal.

How Plants Grow MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2L.4.1.1.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Construct an argument with evidence that evaluates how in a particular habitat some organisms can survive well, some survive less well, and some cannot survive at all. 

Habitats MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2L.4.1.1.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Construct an argument with evidence that evaluates how in a particular habitat some organisms can
survive well, some survive less well, and some cannot survive at all. 

Butterfly Life Cycle MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2L.4.1.1.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Construct an argument with evidence that evaluates how in a particular habitat some organisms can survive well, some survive less well, and some cannot survive at all. 

Matter and Properties MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2P.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Ask questions about an object’s motion based on observation, that can be answered by an investigation.

Floating and Sinking MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2P.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Ask questions about an object’s motion based on observation, that can be answered by an investigation.

Property of Materials MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2P.1.2.1.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Plan and conduct an investigation to describe how heating and cooling affects different kinds of materials based upon their observable properties.

Water Flow MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2P.1.2.1.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Plan and conduct an investigation to describe how heating and cooling affects different kinds of materials based upon their observable properties.

Engineering Owl Shelters MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2P.1.2.1.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Plan and conduct an investigation to describe how heating and cooling affects different kinds of materials based upon their observable properties.

Floating and Sinking MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2P.2.2.1.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Identify and predict quantitative patterns of the effects of balanced and unbalanced forces on the motion of an object.

Action-Reaction Forces MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2P.2.2.1.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Identify and predict quantitative patterns of the effects of balanced and unbalanced forces on the motion of an object.

Friction MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2P.2.2.1.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Identify and predict quantitative patterns of the effects of balanced and unbalanced forces on the motion of an object.

Property of Materials MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2P.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Develop a simple diagram or physical model to illustrate how some changes caused by heating or cooling can be reversed and some cannot.

Water Flow MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2P.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Develop a simple diagram or physical model to illustrate how some changes caused by heating or cooling can be reversed and some cannot.

Engineering Boats MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2P.4.2.2.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Obtain information and communicate how Minnesota American Indian Tribes and communities and other cultures apply knowledge of the natural world in determining which materials have the properties that are best suited for an intended purpose.

Engineering Owl Shelters MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2P.4.2.2.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Obtain information and communicate how Minnesota American Indian Tribes and communities and other cultures apply knowledge of the natural world in determining which materials have the properties that are best suited for an intended purpose.

Property of Materials MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 2P.4.2.2.1 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Obtain information and communicate how Minnesota American Indian Tribes and communities and other cultures apply knowledge of the natural world in determining which materials have the properties that are best suited for an intended purpose.

Earth and Moon Patterns MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3E.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Record observations of the sun, moon, and stars and use them to describe patterns that can be predicted.

Motion in the Solar System MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3E.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Record observations of the sun, moon, and stars and use them to describe patterns that can be predicted.

Patterns in Motion MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3E.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Record observations of the sun, moon, and stars and use them to describe patterns that can be predicted.

Balanced vs. Unbalanced Forces MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3E.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Record observations of the sun, moon, and stars and use them to describe patterns that can be predicted.

Scaling the Sun Earth Moon System MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3E.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Record observations of the sun, moon, and stars and use them to describe patterns that can be predicted.

Patterns MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3E.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Record observations of the sun, moon, and stars and use them to describe patterns that can be predicted.

Sun Position and Shadow Patterns MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3E.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Record observations of the sun, moon, and stars and use them to describe patterns that can be predicted.

Scaling the Sun Earth Moon System MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3E.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Record observations of the sun, moon, and stars and use them to describe patterns that can be predicted.

Weather and Climate MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3E.2.2.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Organize and electronically present collected data to identify and describe patterns in the amount of daylight in the different times of the year.

Patterns MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3E.2.2.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Organize and electronically present collected data to identify and describe patterns in the amount of daylight in the different times of the year.

Scaling the Sun Earth Moon System MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3E.4.2.2.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Gather information and communicate how Minnesota American Indian Tribes and communities and other cultures use patterns in stars to make predictions and plans.

Life Cycles MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.1.2.1.2 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Plan and conduct an investigation to determine how amounts of sunlight and water impact the growth of a plant.

Energy from the Sun MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.1.2.1.2 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Plan and conduct an investigation to determine how amounts of sunlight and water impact the growth of a plant.

Ecosystem Dynamics MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.1.2.1.2 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Plan and conduct an investigation to determine how amounts of sunlight and water impact the growth of a plant.

Plant Growth and Acid Rain MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.1.2.1.2 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Plan and conduct an investigation to determine how amounts of sunlight and water impact the growth of a plant.

Plant Growth MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.1.2.1.2 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Plan and conduct an investigation to determine how amounts of sunlight and water impact the growth of a plant.

Plant Structures MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.1.2.1.2 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Plan and conduct an investigation to determine how amounts of sunlight and water impact the growth of a plant.

How Plants Grow MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.1.2.1.2 [{id=111674358581, createdAt=1681899819948, updatedAt=1681899821915, 1='{type=string, value=2}'}] 2

Plan and conduct an investigation to determine how amounts of sunlight and water impact the growth of a plant.

Life Cycles MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.3.1.1.2 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Develop multiple models to describe how organisms have unique and diverse life cycles but all have birth, growth, reproduction, and death in common. 

Energy and Matter in Food Webs MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.3.1.1.2 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Develop multiple models to describe how organisms have unique and diverse life cycles but all have birth, growth, reproduction, and death in common. 

Frog Life Cycle MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.3.1.1.2 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Develop multiple models to describe how organisms have unique and diverse life cycles but all have birth, growth, reproduction, and death in common. 

Heredity and Traits MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.3.2.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Construct an explanation using evidence from various sources for how the variations incharacteristics among individuals of the same species may provide advantages in surviving, finding mates, and reproducing.

Ecosystem Dynamics MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.3.2.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Construct an explanation using evidence from various sources for how the variations in characteristics among individuals of the same species may provide advantages in surviving, finding mates, and reproducing.

Selecting Traits MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.3.2.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Construct an explanation using evidence from various sources for how the variations i ncharacteristics among individuals of the same species may provide advantages in surviving, finding mates, and reproducing.

Fossil Organisms and their Environment MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.4.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Construct an argument about strategies animals use to survive. 

Environmental Change MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.4.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Construct an argument about strategies animals use to survive.

Ecosystem Dynamics MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.4.1.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Construct an argument about strategies animals use to survive. 

Selecting Traits MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.4.1.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Construct an argument about strategies animals use to survive. 

Mealworm Senses MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.4.1.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Construct an argument about strategies animals use to survive. 

Heredity and Traits MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.4.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Construct an argument about strategies animals use to survive.

Fossil Organisms and their Environment MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.4.2.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Obtain information from various types of media to support an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction.

Energy from the Sun MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.4.2.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Obtain information from various types of media to support an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction.

Ecosystem Dynamics MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.4.2.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Obtain information from various types of media to support an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction.

Decomposition MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.4.2.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Obtain information from various types of media to support an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction.

Plant Growth and Acid Rain MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.4.2.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Obtain information from various types of media to support an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction.

Energy and Matter in Food Webs MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.4.2.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Obtain information from various types of media to support an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction.

Food Webs MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.4.2.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Obtain information from various types of media to support an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction.

Frog Life Cycle MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.4.2.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Obtain information from various types of media to support an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction.

Plant Structures MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.4.2.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Obtain information from various types of media to support an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction.

Mealworm Senses MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.4.2.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4 Obtain information from various types of media to support an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction.
Life Cycles MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.4.2.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Obtain information from various types of media to support an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction.

Selecting Traits MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.4.2.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Obtain information from various types of media to support an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction.

Plant and Animal Cells MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.4.2.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Obtain information from various types of media to support an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction.

Plant Growth MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.4.2.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Obtain information from various types of media to support an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction.

Heredity and Traits MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3L.4.2.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Obtain information from various types of media to support an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction.

Engineering Water Prisms MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3P.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Ask questions based on observations about why objects in darkness can be seen only when illuminated. 

Engineering Library Scopes MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3P.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Ask questions based on observations about why objects in darkness can be seen only when illuminated. 

Engineering Information Transfer MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3P.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Ask questions based on observations about why objects in darkness can be seen only when illuminated. 

Light MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3P.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Ask questions based on observations about why objects in darkness can be seen only when illuminated. 

Engineering Water Prisms MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3P.1.2.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Plan and conduct a controlled investigation to determine the effect of placing objects made with different materials in the path of a beam of light.

Engineering Library Scopes MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3P.1.2.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Plan and conduct a controlled investigation to determine the effect of placing objects made with different materials in the path of a beam of light.

Materials and Light MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3P.1.2.1.1 [{id=111674358580, createdAt=1681899818338, updatedAt=1681899820544, 1='{type=string, value=1}'}] 1

Plan and conduct a controlled investigation to determine the effect of placing objects made with different materials in the path of a beam of light.

Engineering Information Transfer MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3P.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Develop a model to describe that light reflecting from objects and entering the eye allows objects to be seen.

Engineering Water Prisms MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3P.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Develop a model to describe that light reflecting from objects and entering the eye allows objects to be seen.

Engineering Library Scopes MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 3P.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Develop a model to describe that light reflecting from objects and entering the eye allows objects to be seen.

Heat and Evaporation MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.1.1.1.2 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Ask questions about how water moves through the Earth system and identify the type of question.

Flood Control Engineering MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.1.1.1.2 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Ask questions about how water moves through the Earth system and identify the type of question.

Earth Materials and Water Flow MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.1.1.1.2 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Ask questions about how water moves through the Earth system and identify the type of question.

Earth's Interacting Systems MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.1.1.1.2 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Ask questions about how water moves through the Earth system and identify the type of question.

Engineering Filtration Devices MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.1.1.1.2 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Ask questions about how water moves through the Earth system and identify the type of question.

Earth's Water MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.1.1.1.2 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Ask questions about how water moves through the Earth system and identify the type of question.

Engineering Permeable Concrete MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.1.1.1.2 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Ask questions about how water moves through the Earth system and identify the type of question.

Weather and Climate MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.1.1.1.2 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Ask questions about how water moves through the Earth system and identify the type of question.

Heat and Evaporation MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.1.2.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Make observations and measurements to provide evidence of the effects of weathering or the rate of erosion by the forces of water, ice, wind, or vegetation.

Water Erosion MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.1.2.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Make observations and measurements to provide evidence of the effects of weathering or the rate of erosion by the forces of water, ice, wind, or vegetation.

Earth's Surface Features MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.1.2.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Make observations and measurements to provide evidence of the effects of weathering or the rate of erosion by the forces of water, ice, wind, or vegetation.

Weathering Rocks MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.1.2.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Make observations and measurements to provide evidence of the effects of weathering or the rate of erosion by the forces of water, ice, wind, or vegetation.

Changing Earth's Surface MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.1.2.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Make observations and measurements to provide evidence of the effects of weathering or the rate of erosion by the forces of water, ice, wind, or vegetation.

Flood Control Engineering MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.1.2.1.2 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Plan and carry out fair tests in which variables are controlled and failure points are considered to improve a model or prototype to prevent erosion.

Hydroelectric Dams and the Environment MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.1.2.1.2 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Plan and carry out fair tests in which variables are controlled and failure points are considered to improve a model or prototype to prevent erosion.

Engineering Permeable Concrete MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.1.2.1.2 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Plan and carry out fair tests in which variables are controlled and failure points are considered to improve a model or prototype to prevent erosion.

Earth Materials and Water Flow MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.2.2.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Interpret charts, maps and/or graphs of the amounts of salt water and fresh water in various reservoirs to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth.

Engineering Filtration Devices MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.2.2.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Interpret charts, maps and/or graphs of the amounts of salt water and fresh water in various reservoirs to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth.

Earth's Interacting Systems MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.2.2.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Interpret charts, maps and/or graphs of the amounts of salt water and fresh water in various reservoirs to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth.

Earth's Water MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.2.2.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Interpret charts, maps and/or graphs of the amounts of salt water and fresh water in various reservoirs to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth.

Engineering Permeable Concrete MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.2.2.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Interpret charts, maps and/or graphs of the amounts of salt water and fresh water in various reservoirs to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth.

Hydroelectric Dams and the Environment MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.2.2.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Interpret charts, maps and/or graphs of the amounts of salt water and fresh water in various reservoirs to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth.

Heat and Evaporation MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.2.2.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Interpret charts, maps and/or graphs of the amounts of salt water and fresh water in various reservoirs to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth.

Flood Control Engineering MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.2.2.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Interpret charts, maps and/or graphs of the amounts of salt water and fresh water in various reservoirs to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth.

Earth Materials and Water Flow MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Develop a model based in part on student observations or data to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere interact.

Weathering Rocks MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Develop a model based in part on student observations or data to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere interact.

Fossil Organisms and their Environment MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Develop a model based in part on student observations or data to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere interact.

Energy from the Sun MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Develop a model based in part on student observations or data to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere interact.

Earth's Interacting Systems MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Develop a model based in part on student observations or data to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere interact.

Weather and Climate MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Develop a model based in part on student observations or data to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere interact.

Engineering Permeable Concrete MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Develop a model based in part on student observations or data to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere interact.

Plate Tectonics and Landform Patterns MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.3.2.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Identify evidence from patterns in rock formations and fossils in rock layers to support an explanation for changes in a landscape over time.

Earth's Surface Features MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.3.2.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Identify evidence from patterns in rock formations and fossils in rock layers to support an explanation for changes in a landscape over time.

Changing Earth's Surface MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.3.2.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Identify evidence from patterns in rock formations and fossils in rock layers to support an explanation for changes in a landscape over time.

Weathering Rocks MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.3.2.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Identify evidence from patterns in rock formations and fossils in rock layers to support an explanation for changes in a landscape over time.

Flood Control Engineering MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.3.2.2.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Generate and compare multiple solutions to reduce the impacts of natural Earth processes on humans.

Hydroelectric Dams and the Environment MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.3.2.2.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Generate and compare multiple solutions to reduce the impacts of natural Earth processes on humans.

Engineering Permeable Concrete MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.3.2.2.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Generate and compare multiple solutions to reduce the impacts of natural Earth processes on humans.

Water Erosion MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.4.2.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Read and comprehend grade-appropriate complex texts and/or other reliable media to describe that energy and fuels are derived from natural resources and their uses affect the environment.

Earth Materials and Water Flow MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.4.2.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Read and comprehend grade-appropriate complex texts and/or other reliable media to describe that energy and fuels are derived from natural resources and their uses affect the environment.

Earth Materials and Water Flow MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.4.2.2.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Obtain and combine multiple sources of information about ways individual communities, including Minnesota American Indian Tribes and communities and other cultures use evidence and scientific principles to make decisions about the uses of Earth’s resources.

Engineering Filtration Devices MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4E.4.2.2.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Obtain and combine multiple sources of information about ways individual communities, including Minnesota American Indian Tribes and communities and other cultures use evidence and scientific principles to make decisions about the uses of Earth’s resources.

Ecosystem Dynamics MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4L.4.1.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Construct or support an argument that traits can be influenced by different environments.

Selecting Traits MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4L.4.1.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Construct or support an argument that traits can be influenced by different environments.

Heredity and Traits MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4L.4.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Construct or support an argument that traits can be influenced by different environments.

Plant Growth and Acid Rain MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4L.4.2.1.2 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Obtain information from various media sources to determine that plants and animals have traits inherited from parents and that variation of these traits exists in a group of similar organisms.

Mealworm Senses MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4L.4.2.1.2 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4 Obtain information from various media sources to determine that plants and animals have traits inherited from parents and that variation of these traits exists in a group of similar organisms.
Selecting Traits MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4L.4.2.1.2 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Obtain information from various media sources to determine that plants and animals have traits inherited from parents and that variation of these traits exists in a group of similar organisms.

Heredity and Traits MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4L.4.2.1.2 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Obtain information from various media sources to determine that plants and animals have traits inherited from parents and that variation of these traits exists in a group of similar organisms.

Magnets and Magnetic Fields MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4P.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Ask questions to determine cause and effect relationships of electric and magnetic interactions between two objects not in contact with each other. 

Engineering Pick-and-Place Devices MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4P.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Ask questions to determine cause and effect relationships of electric and magnetic interactions between two objects not in contact with each other. 

Static Charge MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4P.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Ask questions to determine cause and effect relationships of electric and magnetic interactions between two objects not in contact with each other. 

Magnets and Motors MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4P.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Ask questions to determine cause and effect relationships of electric and magnetic interactions between two objects not in contact with each other. 

Electrical Currents and Circuits MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4P.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Ask questions to determine cause and effect relationships of electric and magnetic interactions between two objects not in contact with each other. 

Current Electricity MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4P.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Ask questions to determine cause and effect relationships of electric and magnetic interactions between two objects not in contact with each other. 

Engineering Electric Cars MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4P.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Ask questions to determine cause and effect relationships of electric and magnetic interactions between two objects not in contact with each other. 

Engineering Pick-and-Place Devices MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4P.1.1.2.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Define a simple design problem that can be solved by applying scientific ideas about magnets.

Engineering Electric Cars MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 4P.1.1.2.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Define a simple design problem that can be solved by applying scientific ideas about magnets.

Patterns MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5E.2.2.1.2 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Use data to describe patterns in the daily changes in length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the seasonal appearance of some stars in the night sky.

Motion in the Solar System MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5E.4.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Use evidence to support an argument that the apparent brightness of the sun and stars is due to their relative distances from Earth.

Scaling the Sun Earth Moon System MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5E.4.1.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Use evidence to support an argument that the apparent brightness of the sun and stars is due to their relative distances from Earth.

Balanced vs. Unbalanced Forces MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5E.4.1.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Use evidence to support an argument that the apparent brightness of the sun and stars is due to their relative distances from Earth.

Food Webs MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5L.1.2.1.4 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Plan and conduct an investigation to obtain evidence that plants get the materials they need for growth chiefly from air and water. 

Plant Growth and Acid Rain MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5L.1.2.1.4 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Plan and conduct an investigation to obtain evidence that plants get the materials they need for growth chiefly from air and water. 

Energy from the Sun MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5L.1.2.1.4 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Plan and conduct an investigation to obtain evidence that plants get the materials they need for growth chiefly from air and water. 

Plant Structures MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5L.1.2.1.4 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Plan and conduct an investigation to obtain evidence that plants get the materials they need for growth chiefly from air and water. 

Plant Growth MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5L.1.2.1.4 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Plan and conduct an investigation to obtain evidence that plants get the materials they need for growth chiefly from air and water. 

Ecosystem Dynamics MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5L.1.2.1.4 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Plan and conduct an investigation to obtain evidence that plants get the materials they need for growth chiefly from air and water. 

Food Webs MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5L.3.1.1.3 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Create an electronic visualization of the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment.

Decomposition MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5L.3.1.1.3 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Create an electronic visualization of the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment.

Energy and Matter in Food Webs MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5L.3.1.1.3 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Create an electronic visualization of the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment.

Energy from the Sun MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5L.3.1.1.3 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Create an electronic visualization of the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment.

Ecosystem Dynamics MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5L.3.1.1.3 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Create an electronic visualization of the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment.

Environmental Change MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5L.4.1.2.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Evaluate the merit of a solution to a problem caused by changes in plant and animal populations as a result of environmental changes.

Selecting Traits MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5L.4.1.2.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Evaluate the merit of a solution to a problem caused by changes in plant and animal populations as a result of environmental changes.

Ecosystem Dynamics MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5L.4.1.2.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Evaluate the merit of a solution to a problem caused by changes in plant and animal populations as a result of environmental changes.

Windmill Forces MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Ask investigatable questions and predict reasonable outcomes about the changes in energy, related to speed, that occur when objects interact. 

Energy and Collisions MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Ask investigatable questions and predict reasonable outcomes about the changes in energy, related to speed, that occur when objects interact. 

Balanced vs. Unbalanced Forces MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Ask investigatable questions and predict reasonable outcomes about the changes in energy, related to speed, that occur when objects interact. 

Patterns in Motion MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Ask investigatable questions and predict reasonable outcomes about the changes in energy, related to speed, that occur when objects interact. 

Conservation of Matter MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.1.2.1.2 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Conduct an investigation to determine whether the mixing of two or more substances results in new substances. 

Engineering Pick-and-Place Devices MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.1.2.1.3 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Evaluate appropriate methods and tools to identify materials based on their properties prior to investigation.

Magnets and Magnetic Fields MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.1.2.1.3 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Evaluate appropriate methods and tools to identify materials based on their properties prior to investigation.

Engineering Hearing Toys MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.1.2.1.3 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Evaluate appropriate methods and tools to identify materials based on their properties prior to investigation.

Sound Energy and Mediums MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.1.2.1.3 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Evaluate appropriate methods and tools to identify materials based on their properties prior to investigation.

Engineering Roller Coasters MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.1.2.1.3 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Evaluate appropriate methods and tools to identify materials based on their properties prior to investigation.

Engineering Sound Barriers MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.1.2.1.3 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Evaluate appropriate methods and tools to identify materials based on their properties prior to investigation.

Sound Energy and Materials MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.1.2.1.3 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Evaluate appropriate methods and tools to identify materials based on their properties prior to investigation.

Magnets and Motors MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.1.2.1.3 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Evaluate appropriate methods and tools to identify materials based on their properties prior to investigation.

Electrical Currents and Circuits MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.1.2.1.3 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Evaluate appropriate methods and tools to identify materials based on their properties prior to investigation.

Pitch and Volume MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.1.2.1.3 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Evaluate appropriate methods and tools to identify materials based on their properties prior to investigation.

Properties of Minerals MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.1.2.1.3 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Evaluate appropriate methods and tools to identify materials based on their properties prior to investigation.

Engineering Water Prisms MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.1.2.1.3 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Evaluate appropriate methods and tools to identify materials based on their properties prior to investigation.

Current Electricity MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.1.2.1.3 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Evaluate appropriate methods and tools to identify materials based on their properties prior to investigation.

Engineering Electric Cars MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.1.2.1.3 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Evaluate appropriate methods and tools to identify materials based on their properties prior to investigation.

Engineering Information Transfer MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.1.2.1.3 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Evaluate appropriate methods and tools to identify materials based on their properties prior to investigation.

Engineering Library Scopes MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.1.2.1.3 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Evaluate appropriate methods and tools to identify materials based on their properties prior to investigation.

Static Charge MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.1.2.1.3 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Evaluate appropriate methods and tools to identify materials based on their properties prior to investigation.

Forces and Materials MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Analyze and interpret data to show that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents. 

Sound Energy MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Analyze and interpret data to show that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents. 

Energy Transfer and Levers MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Analyze and interpret data to show that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents. 

Magnets and Motors MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Analyze and interpret data to show that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents. 

Engineering Roller Coasters MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Analyze and interpret data to show that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents. 

Waves and Energy MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Analyze and interpret data to show that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents. 

Windmill Forces MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Analyze and interpret data to show that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents. 

Sound Energy and Mediums MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Analyze and interpret data to show that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents. 

Engineering Hearing Toys MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Analyze and interpret data to show that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents. 

Current Electricity MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Analyze and interpret data to show that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents. 

Engineering Electric Cars MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Analyze and interpret data to show that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents. 

Pitch and Volume MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Analyze and interpret data to show that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents. 

Engineering Information Transfer MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Analyze and interpret data to show that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents. 

Sound Energy and Materials MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Analyze and interpret data to show that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents. 

Engineering Sound Barriers MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Analyze and interpret data to show that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents. 

Electrical Currents and Circuits MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Analyze and interpret data to show that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents. 

Engineering Water Prisms MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Analyze and interpret data to show that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents. 

Engineering Library Scopes MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Analyze and interpret data to show that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents. 

Conservation of Matter MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.2.2.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Measure and graph quantities to provide evidence that regardless of the type of change that occurs when heating, cooling, or mixing substances, the total weight of matter is conserved. 

Properties of Matter MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Develop and refine a model to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen. 

Structure of Matter MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Develop and refine a model to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen. 

Heat and Matter MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Develop and refine a model to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen. 

Waves and Energy MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Develop and refine a model to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen. 

Sound Energy and Mediums MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Develop and refine a model to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen. 

Engineering Hearing Toys MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Develop and refine a model to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen. 

Sound Energy MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Develop and refine a model to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen. 

Current Electricity MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Develop and refine a model to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen. 

Conservation of Matter MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Develop and refine a model to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen. 

Electrical Currents and Circuits MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Develop and refine a model to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen. 

Static Charge MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.1.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Develop and refine a model to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen. 

Energy from the Sun MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.1.1.2 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Use models to describe that energy in animals’ food (used for body repair, growth, and motion and to maintain body warmth) was once energy from the sun. 

Earth's Interacting Systems MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.1.1.2 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Use models to describe that energy in animals’ food (used for body repair, growth, and motion and to maintain body warmth) was once energy from the sun. 

Friction and Motion MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.2.1.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Construct an explanation based on evidence relating the speed of an object to the energy of that object.

Windmill Forces MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.2.1.1 [{id=111674358582, createdAt=1681899821720, updatedAt=1681899824999, 1='{type=string, value=3}'}] 3

Construct an explanation based on evidence relating the speed of an object to the energy of that object. 

Energy and Collisions MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.2.1.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Construct an explanation based on evidence relating the speed of an object to the energy of that object. 

Friction and Motion MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.2.2.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Apply scientific ideas to design, test, and refine a device that converts energy from one form to another.

Engineering Launchers MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.2.2.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Apply scientific ideas to design, test, and refine a device that converts energy from one form to another.

Energy Transfer and Levers MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.2.2.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Apply scientific ideas to design, test, and refine a device that converts energy from one form to another.

Forces and Levers MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.2.2.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4 Apply scientific ideas to design, test, and refine a device that converts energy from one form to another.
Engineering Electric Cars MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.2.2.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Apply scientific ideas to design, test, and refine a device that converts energy from one form to another.

Engineering Roller Coasters MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.2.2.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Apply scientific ideas to design, test, and refine a device that converts energy from one form to another.

Magnets and Motors MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.2.2.1 [{id=111674358585, createdAt=1681899838675, updatedAt=1681899841076, 1='{type=string, value=5}'}] 5

Apply scientific ideas to design, test, and refine a device that converts energy from one form to another.

Engineering Information Transfer MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 5P.3.2.2.1 [{id=111674358584, createdAt=1681899835616, updatedAt=1681899838563, 1='{type=string, value=4}'}] 4

Apply scientific ideas to design, test, and refine a device that converts energy from one form to another.

Sun-Earth-Moon System MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358586, createdAt=1681899841084, updatedAt=1681899843589, 1='{type=string, value=6}'}] 6

Ask questions that arise from observations of patterns in the movement of night sky objects to test the limitations of a solar system model.

Earth's Place in the Solar System MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358588, createdAt=1681899846200, updatedAt=1681899848547, 1='{type=string, value=8}'}] 8

Ask questions that arise from observations of patterns in the movement of night sky objects to test the limitations of a solar system model.

Engineering Meteoroid Shields MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.1.1.1.1 [{id=111674358588, createdAt=1681899846200, updatedAt=1681899848547, 1='{type=string, value=8}'}] 8

Ask questions that arise from observations of patterns in the movement of night sky objects to test the limitations of a solar system model. 

Earth's Geologic History MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.1.1.1.2 [{id=111674358586, createdAt=1681899841084, updatedAt=1681899843589, 1='{type=string, value=6}'}] 6

Ask questions to examine an interpretation about the relative ages of different rock layers within a sequence of several rock layers. 

The Rock Cycle MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.1.1.1.2 [{id=111674358587, createdAt=1681899844234, updatedAt=1681899846599, 1='{type=string, value=7}'}] 7 Ask questions to examine an interpretation about the relative ages of different rock layers within a sequence of several rock layers. 
Earth’s Climate MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.1.1.1.3 [{id=111674358586, createdAt=1681899841084, updatedAt=1681899843589, 1='{type=string, value=6}'}] 6

Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century. 

Climate Analysis MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.1.1.1.3 [{id=111674358587, createdAt=1681899844234, updatedAt=1681899846599, 1='{type=string, value=7}'}] 7 Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century. 
Convection and Weather MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.1.1.1.3 [{id=111674358588, createdAt=1681899846200, updatedAt=1681899848547, 1='{type=string, value=8}'}] 8 Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century. 
The Water Cycle and Earth's Systems MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.1.2.1.1 [{id=111674358586, createdAt=1681899841084, updatedAt=1681899843589, 1='{type=string, value=6}'}] 6

Collect data and use digital data analysis tools to identify patterns to provide evidence for how the motions and complex interactions of air masses result in changes in weather conditions.

Greenhouse Effect MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.1.2.1.1 [{id=111674358588, createdAt=1681899846200, updatedAt=1681899848547, 1='{type=string, value=8}'}] 8 Collect data and use digital data analysis tools to identify patterns to provide evidence for how the motions and complex interactions of air masses result in changes in weather conditions.
Earth’s Climate MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.1.2.1.1 [{id=111674358586, createdAt=1681899841084, updatedAt=1681899843589, 1='{type=string, value=6}'}] 6

Collect data and use digital data analysis tools to identify patterns to provide evidence for how the motions and complex interactions of air masses result in changes in weather conditions.

Convection and Weather MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.1.2.1.1 [{id=111674358588, createdAt=1681899846200, updatedAt=1681899848547, 1='{type=string, value=8}'}] 8 Collect data and use digital data analysis tools to identify patterns to provide evidence for how the motions and complex interactions of air masses result in changes in weather conditions.
Earth-Sun-Moon System MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358588, createdAt=1681899846200, updatedAt=1681899848547, 1='{type=string, value=8}'}] 8

Analyze and interpret data to determine similarities and differences among features and processes occurring on solar system objects. 

Earth's Place in the Solar System MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358588, createdAt=1681899846200, updatedAt=1681899848547, 1='{type=string, value=8}'}] 8

Analyze and interpret data to determine similarities and differences among features and processes occurring on solar system objects. 

Sun-Earth-Moon System MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.2.1.1.1 [{id=111674358586, createdAt=1681899841084, updatedAt=1681899843589, 1='{type=string, value=6}'}] 6

Analyze and interpret data to determine similarities and differences among features and processes occurring on solar system objects. 

Earth's Geologic History MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.2.1.1.2 [{id=111674358586, createdAt=1681899841084, updatedAt=1681899843589, 1='{type=string, value=6}'}] 6

Analyze and interpret data on the distribution of fossils, rocks, continental shapes, and seafloor structures to provide evidence of past plate motions. 

Fossils and Tectonic Plate Motion MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.2.1.1.2 [{id=111674358587, createdAt=1681899844234, updatedAt=1681899846599, 1='{type=string, value=7}'}] 7 Analyze and interpret data on the distribution of fossils, rocks, continental shapes, and seafloor structures to provide evidence of past plate motions. 
Earthquake-Resistant Skyscrapers MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.2.1.1.3 [{id=111674358586, createdAt=1681899841084, updatedAt=1681899843589, 1='{type=string, value=6}'}] 6

Analyze and interpret data on natural hazards to forecast future catastrophic events and inform the development of technologies to mitigate their effects.

Engineering Bridges MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.2.1.1.3 [{id=111674358586, createdAt=1681899841084, updatedAt=1681899843589, 1='{type=string, value=6}'}] 6

Analyze and interpret data on natural hazards to forecast future catastrophic events and inform the development of technologies to mitigate their effects.

Engineering Water Filtration Devices MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.2.1.1.3 [{id=111674358587, createdAt=1681899844234, updatedAt=1681899846599, 1='{type=string, value=7}'}] 7

Analyze and interpret data on natural hazards to forecast future catastrophic events and inform the development of technologies to mitigate their effects.

Earth Materials MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.3.1.1.2 [{id=111674358586, createdAt=1681899841084, updatedAt=1681899843589, 1='{type=string, value=6}'}] 6

Develop a model, based on observational evidence, to describe the cycling and movement of Earth’s rock material and the energy that drives these processes. 

Weathering and Erosion MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.3.1.1.2 [{id=111674358586, createdAt=1681899841084, updatedAt=1681899843589, 1='{type=string, value=6}'}] 6

Develop a model, based on observational evidence, to describe the cycling and movement of Earth’s rock material and the energy that drives these processes. 

Groundwater Flow MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.3.1.1.2 [{id=111674358587, createdAt=1681899844234, updatedAt=1681899846599, 1='{type=string, value=7}'}] 7

Develop a model, based on observational evidence, to describe the cycling and movement of Earth’s rock material and the energy that drives these processes. 

The Rock Cycle MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.3.1.1.2 [{id=111674358587, createdAt=1681899844234, updatedAt=1681899846599, 1='{type=string, value=7}'}] 7 Develop a model, based on observational evidence, to describe the cycling and movement of Earth’s rock material and the energy that drives these processes. 
Natural Resources MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.3.1.1.2 [{id=111674358587, createdAt=1681899844234, updatedAt=1681899846599, 1='{type=string, value=7}'}] 7 Develop a model, based on observational evidence, to describe the cycling and movement of Earth’s rock material and the energy that drives these processes. 
Fossils and Tectonic Plate Motion MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.3.1.1.2 [{id=111674358587, createdAt=1681899844234, updatedAt=1681899846599, 1='{type=string, value=7}'}] 7 Develop a model, based on observational evidence, to describe the cycling and movement of Earth’s rock material and the energy that drives these processes. 
Engineering Rain Harvesting Systems MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.3.1.1.3 [{id=111674358586, createdAt=1681899841084, updatedAt=1681899843589, 1='{type=string, value=6}'}] 6

Develop a model, based on observational and experimental evidence, to describe the cycling of water through Earth’s systems driven by energy from the Sun and the force of gravity. 

Ocean Salinity and Density MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.3.1.1.3 [{id=111674358586, createdAt=1681899841084, updatedAt=1681899843589, 1='{type=string, value=6}'}] 6

Develop a model, based on observational and experimental evidence, to describe the cycling of water through Earth’s systems driven by energy from the Sun and the force of gravity. 

Earth Materials MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.3.1.1.3 [{id=111674358586, createdAt=1681899841084, updatedAt=1681899843589, 1='{type=string, value=6}'}] 6

Develop a model, based on observational and experimental evidence, to describe the cycling of water through Earth’s systems driven by energy from the Sun and the force of gravity. 

Weathering and Erosion MN Minnesota’s K-8 Academic Standards in Science 6E.3.1.1.3